The quality of drinking water is always at the top of the list when it comes to reporting. There is always someone talking about a contaminant in local water, or questioning if the tap water in the area is okay to drink. There are state and local guidelines that need to be followed in order for the community to stay in good standing in regards to their water supply to the residents.
The 10 most common water contaminants are:
- Cryptosporidium and Giardia: These contaminants are found in rivers, lakes, and groundwater. They are parasitin pathogens that can also be found in both human and animal waste. These types of contaminants may be impossible to get rid of with just chlorine or boiling the water.
- Arsenic: This is an element that is commonly found in soil, rocks, and can also be created during mining and the burning of coal. Natural deposits and pollution can cause it to infect the groundwater, so even well water is not safe from the element. Arsenic can cause cancer, neurological, and cardiovascular issues.
- Fluoride: This man-made chemical is commonly added to the water supply in order to promote dental health. Too much fluoride can actually harm the teeth, causing enamel stains and pitting. In adults, bone issues can occur.
- Chromium: Chromium 3 is a nutrient found in many of the vegetables, fruits, meats, and grains that we eat. It is actually essential for humans to thrive. On the other hand, chromium 6 has been known to cause cancer and other illnesses when exposed in large doses.
- Chlorine and Chloramine: These chemicals are used to clean public water supplies, in order to make the water safe for human consumption. If the levels in the water are too high, stomach discomfort and skin irritation can occur. There may be a slight odor of these chemicals are in the water is higher than a normal dosage.
- Lead: Lead can find its way into the water supply by way of pipe corrosion. It is toxic even at low levels. It can cause neurological damage, trouble with development, and impaired blood cells.
- Nitrate/Nitrite: Contamination with these two items occur more in well water than any other type. Farm fertilization and septic tanks that are built too close to the well can cause them in abundance. They are harmful to infants and are known to cause “baby blue” syndrome, which is fatal if not found quickly.
- Legionella: This is a bacteria that can cause severe respiratory conditions, and also cause flu-like symptoms to those that have come in contact with it.
- Coliform Bacteria: This type of bacteria is very harmful, the most common being E.Coli. Human and animal fecal waste can contaminate the water with these bacteria.
- Viruses: Different viruses can be found in water that is left untreated. These viruses include Hep A, Hep E, Norovirus, Rotavirus, and others.
Installing an adequate water filtration device in your home can filter the water before it leaves your faucet and enters your cup. While your municipality may do its best to make its water supply the best it can be, it doesn’t hurt to further protect yourself and your loved ones by having it filter through one more time!